What We’re Watching During the 2019 Montana Legislature
The legislative session runs from January to May, and we're tracking all the developments right here
This post is an introduction to our work and priorities during the 2019 legislative session. We’ll be updating it periodically with news and action alerts throughout the session, so be sure to check back for the the latest news and opportunities to take action as we track all the developments at the Montana Capitol.
Since the 2019 Montana Legislature convened on January 7th, we have been working with legislators from both sides of the aisle to pass legislation to protect our wild and public lands for future generations.
Importantly, we have also been doing this work with the support of public land advocates across the state - people like you. While you made the Rally for Public Lands on January 11th such a success, setting the tone for public land legislation this session, the bills introduced in the House and Senate have been, as expected, a mixed bag.
With your help, we have made real progress towards defeating a bill that would eliminate social science from the decision-making process at the department of Fish, Wildlife, and Parks; another that would have cut our State Parks by millions of dollars; and a bill that would give counties the authority to declare new roads on federal lands. We have much work ahead of us to ensure that these bills are ultimately defeated, though, and your willingness to get involved and contact your legislators will be an essential part of that process.
Need proof? Already, your comments, emails, and phone calls have also helped us advance a bill that would raise critically needed funds for our state parks, public land trails, and fishing access sites.
There is a long legislative road ahead of us, though, and your continued action on behalf of our wild places will remain critical throughout the session. We’ll be sending out periodic action alerts via email and social media, and you can also follow committee hearings and floor votes and keep tabs on your legislator online. (Not sure who your legislators are? Find them here).
Our Primary Legislative Priorities
1. Support SB24, a bill to increase funding for state parks, trails, and fishing access sites
It’s well beyond time to secure long-term sustainable funding for Montana’s state parks, trails, and fishing access sites. They are they arteries that connect Montana families to our public lands, and their existence is not guaranteed. Montana’s state parks are staring down a $22 million maintenance backlog, our boat ramps are crumbling, our trails are eroding away, and it is threatening our outdoor way of life.
We are supporting SB24, a bill introduced by Rep. Terry Gauthier (R-Helena), that would take steps to provide the funding our outdoor infrastructure so desperately needs. SB24 would increase the optional light vehicle registration fee from $6 to $9, generating an estimated $2 million for the parks, trails, and fishing sites that are so critical to our way of life. After an initial hearing during which SB24 garnered broad support from diverse interests and no opposition, the bill was tabled by the Senate Fish and Game Committee. It has since been blasted out of committee with strong bipartisan support and passed a second reading on the floor. Now, it faces a hearing in the Senate Finance and Claims Committee, after which the bill could head back to the Senate floor for a 3rd reading before heading to the House.
There are two opposing bills that would decimate our parks, trails, and fishing access sites even further. SB102, which has been tabled, would change the $6 opt-in to a $25 opt-out, depriving State Parks of an estimated $2 million per year. SB242, which has a hearing in the Senate Fish and Game Committee on Feb. 26th, would eliminate the $6 fee in favor of a $35 windshield decal, resulting in the loss of an estimated $3.7 million and 11 jobs for State Parks.
You can show your support for our State Parks and trails by signing the open letter here. We will use this letter to demonstrate to legislators the strong and broad-based support for State Parks and outdoor recreation funding.
2. Defeat HB265, a bill that would cripple the Habitat Montana program
Habitat Montana is a program that uses a portion of out-of-state hunting license fees to protect critical wildlife habitat through voluntary conservation easements and land acquisition. HB265, introduced by Rep. Kerry White (R-Bozeman), would give the Land Board authority to approve or kill conservation easements funded through Habitat Montana.
The Montana Supreme Court has already ruled that Habitat Montana easement purchases do not require approval by Land Board. HB265 seeks to give that authority back to the Board, putting important decisions about conservation easements in the hands of elected officials rather than experienced FWP personnel and increasing unnecessary bureaucracy.
Note that in the case of Habitat Montana easements, the private landowner has already voluntarily agreed to work with FWP, and HB265 would interfere with decisions that should remain between landowners and agency personnel.
Unfortunately, this bill has passed a third reading in the House and moved over to the Senate where it will be heard sometime in the next few weeks in the Senate Fish and Game committee. Many Senators on that committee are likely to support HB265, and we’re expecting that we’ll have to call on members like you to take action to defeat this bill in the near future.
3. Defeat HB207 and HB161 to maintain public input into public land management decisions
Taking away the public's right to have a say on the management of public land was a fatal flaw in the wilderness study area legislation that Senator Daines and Congressman Gianforte introduced last year. That disregard for public input has been echoed in the state legislature.
While HB207 and HB161 address different issues, both make an effort to remove the public from the public lands decision making process. HB207, introduced by Rep. White, could give county commissioners the power to declare new roads on federal lands, removing the public from having a say in the management of lands that belong to all Americans by undermining agency planning processes based on public input. HB161, introduced by Rep. Brad Tschida (R-Lolo), would eliminate social science from the Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks decision-making process, limiting consideration regarding key issues to a very narrow set of stakeholders and essentially prohibiting agency personnel from taking public input into account.
Fortunately, thanks in no small part to your hard work, both SB207 and HB161 have been tabled, but we anticipate more efforts to bring these bills back to life or other bills to achieve the same ends.
We will continue to monitor all of these bills, and we’ll keep you up to date and let you know if there’s a chance for you to take action.
It’s also worth noting that there are still hundreds of unintroduced bills whose purpose is unknown because they have vague titles like “Generally revise public land access” or “Generally revise parks and recreation.” These bills have the potential to be dangerous, and we just have to wait and see the direction they end up taking.
However, the transmittal deadline, which will provide some clarity, is just two weeks away. If, by then, a bill has not passed the chamber in which it was introduced, it is officially dead (with a few exceptions). If a bill has not been introduced by then, it cannot be introduced, and if a bill has been tabled, it cannot be brought back up.
We’ll track bills through transmittal and the end of the legislative session on May 1st, and we will share any opportunities for action via email (join our mailing list here, at the bottom of the page) and on Facebook. Your calls and emails are a vital part of encouraging legislators to support good bills and vote against bad ones, and we’re counting on you to help us preserve our wild heritage for future generations.
- Kayje Booker, MWA policy and advocacy director